Explain history of AI in detail.

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History of AI:

  • 1642: First mechanical calculating machine built by French mathematican and inventor Blaise Pascal.
  • 1837: First Design for a programmable machine, by chales babbage and Ada lovelance.
  • 1943: Foundatations of neural networks established by warreb McCulloch and Walter Pitts, drawing parallels between the brain and computing machines.
  • 1955: “Artificial Intellegence” is coined during a conference devoted to the topic.
  • 1965: ELIZA, a natural language program, is created. ELIZA handles dialogue on any topic, similar in concept to today’s chatbots.
  • 1980: Edward Feigenbaum creates expert systems which emulate decisions of human experts.
  • 1977: Computer program Deep Ble beats world chess champion Garry Kasparov.
  • 2022: iRobot launches Roomba, an autonomous vaccum cleaner that avoids obstacles.
  • 2009: Google build the first self-driving car to handle urban conditions.
  • 2011: IBM’s watson defets champions of us game show jeopardy.
  • 2011 – 2014: Personal assistants like Siri, Google Now, Cortana use speech recognition to answer the questions and perfrom simple tasks.
  • 2014: Ian Goodfellow comes up with Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN)
  • 2016: AlphaGo beats professional Go player Lec Sedol 4-1.
  • 2018: Most universities have course in AI.
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