What are different types of operating system? Explain each in detail.

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Following are the popular types of OS (Operating System):

  1. Batch Operating System
  2. Multitasking/Time Sharing OS
  3. Multiprocessing OS
  4. Real Time OS
  5. Distributed OS
  6. Network OS
  7. Mobile OS

1. Batch Operating System:

Some computer processes are very lengthy and time-consuming. To speed the same process, a job with a similar type of needs are batched together and run as a group.

The user of a batch operating system never directly interacts with the computer. In this type of OS, every user prepares his or her job on an offline device like a punch card and submit it to the computer operator.

2. Multi-Tasking/Time-sharing Operating systems:

Time-sharing operating system enables people located at a different terminal(shell) to use a single computer system at the same time. The processor time (CPU) which is shared among multiple users is termed as time sharing.

3. Real time OS

A real time operating system time interval to process and respond to inputs is very small. Examples: Military Software Systems, Space Software Systems are the Real time OS example.

4. Distributed Operating System

Distributed systems use many processors located in different machines to provide very fast computation to its users.

5. Network Operating System

Network Operating System runs on a server. It provides the capability to serve to manage data, user, groups, security, application, and other networking functions.

6. Mobile OS

Mobile operating systems are those OS which is especially that are designed to power smartphones, tablets, and wearables devices.

Some most famous mobile operating systems are Android and iOS, but others include BlackBerry, Web, and watchOS.

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