Explain client/server network. How is it different from peer to  peer network?

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In client-server network relationships, certain computers act as servers and others act as clients.

A server is simply a computer that provides the network resources and provides service to other computers when they request it. A client is the computer running a program that requests the service from a server. Local area network (LAN) is based on client server network relationship.

A client-server network is one on which all available network resources such as files, directories, applications and shared devices, are centrally managed and hosted and then are accessed by the client.

Client server networks are defined by the presence of servers on a network that provide security and administration of the network.


The advantages of client server network are as follows:

  • It is very secure.
  • Gives better performance.
  • It has centralized backup.
  • It is very reliable.


The disadvantages of client server network are as follows −

  • It requires professional administration.
  • It is more hardware and software intensive.
  • It requires expensive dedicated software.

The difference between client server and peer to peer network is

S.NO Client-Server Network Peer-to-Peer Network
1. In Client-Server Network, Clients and server are differentiated, Specific server and clients are present. In Peer-to-Peer Network, Clients and server are not differentiated.
2. Client-Server Network focuses on information sharing. While Peer-to-Peer Network focuses on connectivity.
3. In Client-Server Network, Centralized server is used to store the data. While in Peer-to-Peer Network, Each peer has its own data.
4. In Client-Server Network, Server respond the services which is request by Client. While in Peer-to-Peer Network, Each and every node can do both request and respond for the services.
5. Client-Server Network are costlier than Peer-to-Peer Network. While Peer-to-Peer Network are less costlier than Client-Server Network.
6. Client-Server Network are more stable than Peer-to-Peer Network. While Peer-to-Peer Network are less stable if number of peer is increase.
7. Client-Server Network is used for both small and large networks. While Peer-to-Peer Network is generally suited for small networks with fewer than 10 computers.


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