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Process Creation and Process termination are used to create and terminate processes respectively. Details about these are given as follows −
A process may be created in the system for different operations. Some of the events that lead to process creation are as follows −
A process may be created by another process using fork(). The creating process is called the parent process and the created process is the child process. A child process can have only one parent but a parent process may have many children. Both the parent and child processes have the same memory image, open files and environment strings. However, they have distinct address spaces.
A diagram that demonstrates process creation using fork() is as follows −
Process termination occurs when the process is terminated The exit() system call is used by most operating systems for process termination.
Some of the causes of process termination are as follows −
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