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The computer cabinet consists of the components that are required for running the computer system effectively with fewer errors. There are various elements in the cabinet to which some of them are Motherboard, memory chips, cables, processors, ports, etc.
The main components of a computer cabinet are:
The processor or the CPU is the main component of the computer. Select a processor based on factors like its speed, performance, reliability and motherboard support. Pentium Pro, Pentium 2 and Pentium 4 are some of the processors.
The motherboard is the computer’s main circuit board. It’s a thin plate that holds the CPU, memory, connectors for the hard drive and optical drives, expansion cards to control the video and audio, and connections to your computer’s ports (such as USB ports). The motherboard connects directly or indirectly to every part of the computer.
3. Memory Chips
The RAM consists of chips on a small circuit board. Two types of memory chips— Single In-line Memory Module (SIMM) and Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM) are used in desktop computers. The CPU can retrieve information from DIMM chip at 64 bits compared to 32 bits or 16 bits transfer with SIMM chips. DIMM chips are used in Pentium 4 onwards to increase the access speed.
4. Storage Devices:
The disk drives are present inside the machine. The common disk drives in a machine are hard disk drive, floppy drive and CD drive or DVD drive. High-storage devices like hard disk, floppy disk and CDs are inserted into the hard disk drive, floppy drive and CD drive, respectively. These storage devices can store large amounts of data, permanently.
5. Power Supply:
The power supply is located inside the housing and provides electricity to power all components inside the housing.
The main characteristic of the power supply is its power, which is expressed in watts (W). The power supply must be of sufficient power to provide adequate power to the computer components inside the chassis. Poor quality power supply can be short-lived and easily breaks down in the event of a sudden power outage.
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