What is forward chaining? Explain with appropriate example.

Forward chaining is also known as a forward deduction or forward reasoning method when using an inference engine. Forward chaining is a form of reasoning which start with atomic sentences in the knowledge base and applies inference rules (Modus Ponens) in the forward direction to extract more data until a goal is reached. An end goal is achieved through the manipulation of knowledge that exists in the knowledge base. The Forward-chaining algorithm starts from known facts, triggers all rules whose premises are satisfied, and adds their conclusion to the known facts. This process repeats until the problem is solved.

- Hamro CSIT

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